The aim of the
subject is to introduce students into the discourse on the historical and
cultural characteristics of the Central European region. According to JenőSzűcs in Europe
three historical regions have developed. In the Western region as a result of
the legacy of the Western Roman Empire
self-organization, autonomy, scale free accumulation of goods, continuous
growth and competition were prevalent. In contrast, in the Eastern European
regions as a result of the legacy of Byzantium
centralization, rigidity, orthodoxy and neglect of human rights were
concomitant. The processes and institutions of modernization, such as
individualization, secularization, rationalization and nation state, market
economy, class structure have emerged first in the West and last in the East.
Accordingly, Central Europe was not the
first to see modernization but not the last as well. The course will demonstrate how profound
has been the impact of the past on the values, sentiments, thoughts and
actions of the people living in the present. Naturally, the globalization and
the spread of the ICT will be discussed too as determinants of the future
that will probably diminish the differences between the three historical
National Identity in Cotemporary Hungary. Highland Lakes.
Atlantic Press. Distributed by Columbia
University Press. 1997.
Csepeli Gy. – Murányi, I.: New Authoritarianism in Hungary at the beginning of the
21stcentury. In: Central
European Political Science Review. Volume 13. Number 50. Winter 2012.
Szűcs, J.: The three historical
regions of Europe. In: Acta Historica Academiae
Scientiarum. 29. 1983. 2.4. 131–184. p.
Bibó, I.: Democracy, Revolution, Self-Determination. Selected
Lakes. NJ. Atlantic
Press. Distributed by University
of Columbia Press.