8. Course unit: Religions, Churches, religious minorities in Central Europe

Nr. of credits: 5

Course type: lecture, Nr. in the semester: 60

Commitment: examination mark

Place of course in the curriculum: 2nd semester

Preliminary study terms:

Course description:

Lectures explains the most important Central European churches, denominations an religions from the 18th century to the end of the 20th century. We will analyze the determining churches, state religions in the countries of the territory, their role in the political and cultural system of the given states. It will be showed the different church governing systems, types of church-state relations, the connections between the religiosity and the formatting of the national identities. (E.g. the role of the Greek Orthodoxy in the Roman, the Roman Catholic in the Polish or the Croatian in the birth of the national identity.) The first part of the presentations deals with the period of the Habsburg Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The second part focuses on the period of the church policy and the denominations of the national states of the 20th century. We will get to know in important place with the situation of the religious minorities, the relations between the non-Christian religions (especially the Jewry) and the majority Christian churches, the problems of their coexistence. A few presentations deals with the church persecution, church policy trends in the Central European Communist regimes, and the social role of the religions after the democratic transitions.

3–5 most important obligatory and recommended literature (books, textbooks) with the bibliographical data:

– Obligatory:

Christianity and Modernity in Eastern Europe. Ed.: Berglund, Bruce R. – Porter-Szűcs, Brian. BudapestNew York, CEU Press, 2010. (ISBN 978-963-9776-65-4)

Religion and Politics in the Post-Socialist Central and Southwest Europe. Challenges since 1989. Ed.: Ramet, Sabrina P. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. (ISBN 978-1-137-33071-0)

Ančić, Branko – Siniša Zrinščak: Religion in Central European Societies. Its Social Role and People’s Expectations. In: Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe, 2012. 5 (1) 2138. p.


– Recommended:

Fazekas, Csaba: The Super-Ego of the Empire: Church and State. In: The Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy (1867-1918). Ed.: Gáspár, Zsuzsa – Gerő, András. LondonCape TownSydney, New Holland, 2008. (ISBN 978-1-84773-007-7) 152–175. p.

Müller, Olaf: Secularization, Individualization, or (Re)vitalization? The State and Development of Churchliness and Religiosity in Post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe. In: Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe, 2011. 4 (1) 2137. p.

Course director: Dr. Fazekas, Csaba Associate Professor, PhD

Participating teacher: Dr. Fekete, Sándor Assistant Professor, PhD