Miskolc in a nutshell

Confirmed by the archaeological findings turned up in the city centre, the history of Miskolc dates back to prehistoric times, so the city and its region can be called the oldest inhabited area of Hungary. The place was named after the Miskóc clan, first mentioned by Anonymous in Gesta Hungarorum around 1173. In 1365 Miskolc was elevated to the rank of oppidum (market town) by King Louis the Great. By the end of the 15th century it already had 2000 inhabitants, but during the Ottoman occupation the development slowed down. In the 17th century, the city became an important wine producing and trading centre. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the population of the city reached fifteen thousand. Several important buildings were built at that time, including the town hall, the new county hall, the theatre (the first stone-built theatre in today's country), the synagogue, and several schools and churches. At the beginning of the 1900s, the town was awarded independent jurisdiction by the Austrian Emperor and Hungarian King Franz Joseph I.

World War I did not affect the city directly, but indirectly it caused the death of several people from Miskolc on the frontline and in the cholera epidemic. In 1945 Diósgyőr and Hejőcsaba, in 1950 Görömböly, Szirma and Hamor were annexed to the town. It reached its present extent in 1981 when Bükkszentlászló was annexed. Over the past centuries, Miskolc has seen a series of trials and tribulations, due to which, though shaken, the town has become an increasingly solid municipality carrying out its social, economic and political functions. Miskolc, formerly known as the "steel city" because of its metallurgical past, has undergone significant changes in the recent decades and is becoming the educational and cultural capital of the region. Instead of being an industrial city, we now call it a "Green City", as it was the first city in Hungary to join the Green City initiative for the protection and sustainability of the environment. Thanks to recent cultural events including the internationally renowned Bartók Plus Opera Festival, the prestigious Jameson CineFest Miskolc International Film Festival as well as the graphic biennals of triennals organized in the Miskolc Gallery since 1961, Miskolc has earned itself the name of the “Hungarian Capital of Opera”, the “Hungarian Capital of Films” and the “Hungarian Capital of Graphic Arts” respectively.